Tapioca Starch: How do you use tapioca starch?

I just received an e-mail asking me about using tapioca starch to thicken soups and desserts. Tapioca, manioc, or cassava starch is a fine white powder produced from the cassava root, which is grown in Central and South America, Florida, the Caribbean Islands, and temperate climates around the world. While sweet cassava roots can be used as you would a sweet potato, tapioca products are usually produced from bitter cassava through a process of fermentation and draining or washing and pressing, then drying. The starch looks and is used much like cornstarch but, as a thickener, produces a much clearer and slightly more fragile sauce. Modified tapioca starch, tapioca flour, instant tapioca, granulated, and pearl tapioca are also made from the cassava root by modifying the last steps in production. Instant tapioca and tapioca starch are the best choices for thickening but it is important to select a product with clear instructions for use on the package as they can vary depending on the manufacturer. Tapioca starch has received much attention recently as a gluten-free replacement for wheat flour in baked goods and an ingredient in the Brazilian bread, Pão de Queijo. To make shopping more confusing, when hunting for tapioca, manioc, or cassava starch in natural foods or markets specializing in South and Central American products, you are likely to find more tapioca, manioc, or cassava flour than starch. Depending on the producer this can be a more coarsely ground product or the pure starch. Be sure to read the package for clues. If you purchase the more coarsely ground flour, you may need to increase the amount you use for thickening.

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4 Responses to Tapioca Starch: How do you use tapioca starch?

  1. Maria says:

    Does tapioca flour breakdown like corn starch. I am making a clam chowder and don’t want the soup to thin out on me.
    Thanks Sara

  2. Mary says:

    Thanks for the info on tapioca starch, very helpful. Love the name ‘Kitchen Shrink’. Was glad to see you pop up on my inquiry. I trust your wide ranging knowledge and expertise.

  3. Lesley Weiss says:

    My dear friend! I learned to cook by watching you 25-30 years ago while at home with my three babies! You were my fav. Thrilled to see you pop up on my search about using tapioca flour to thicken soup. Delighted you’re still ‘there’. You (and your impeccably clean hands) are the best! 😉 Thanks to you and Food Network, I know my way around the kitchen like a pro – and love to keep learning! XO

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